You’re thinking about adding a loving addition to your family. No, not another kid; you either have enough of those or you’re not quite ready to start down that path. So what’s the perfect choice? Yep, dogs.
There are more than 400 breeds of dogs recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), United Kennel Club (UKC) and the National Kennel Club (NKC). That’s without including all the combinations of mixed breeds, which can push the selection options up into the thousands. So how do you go about narrowing down your choices as to which breed/mix would make the best fit?
First, it helps to understand that, for centuries, dogs have been selectively bred to perform specific jobs to help out their humans. That means that certain behaviors are hard-wired into certain breeds; it’s in the genes. Therefore, unlike humans, dogs can’t change jobs. That means, plain and simple, herding dogs are going to herd (read chase and possibly nip anything that moves, especially young kids), and retrievers are going to retrieve (read prefer to have something in their mouths, ideally some part of you), and terriers are going hunt and kill vermin (read tunnel under fencing and dig up your flowers), and so on, and so on, and so on.
By knowing a breed’s innate tendencies, you can begin to narrow down the kind of dog that would — and just as importantly, would not – fit your lifestyle. For example, if you’re an outdoor fanatic who loves to run, any of the sporting breeds could be a good match. Or, conversely, if you’re a couch potato who doesn’t want to worry about exercising your dog, one of the toy breeds might be perfect for you. Then again, if you have small children, it wouldn’t be a good idea to start off with a herding breed.
The AKC divides dog breeds into the following groups based on the uses for which the breeds were developed: Herding dogs, working dogs, sporting dogs, non-sporting dogs, hound dogs, terrier dogs, toy dogs, and a miscellaneous catch-all group for the rest of the dogs.
Herding dogs were bred to have the ability to control movement of other animals, even though most of them will never get to use that talent in the way it was intended, on a farm animal. These dogs are often extremely motion-sensitive, and will be chasers if not directed. They are intelligent dogs, easy to train, often bonding strongly with one person. These dogs need a job or they will make one for themselves.
Some of the dogs you might be familiar with in the Herding Group are Australian Shepherds and Cattle dogs, Collies, German Shepherds, Old English Sheepdogs, Shetland Sheepdogs, and Welsh Corgis.
Working dogs were bred to guard, pull sleds, and perform rescues (on both water and land). Their jobs often require that they think independently. Their considerable size and strength make many working dogs not suitable for average families. Training is key for these dogs.
Some of the dogs you might be familiar with in the Working Group are the AKita, Alaskan Malamute, Swiss Mountain Dog, Boxer, Doberman Pinscher, Newfoundland, Rottweiler, Saint Bernard, and Siberian Husky.
Sporting dogs were bred for hunting and other field activities such as retrieving. Often dogs with some of the easiest temperaments for families to live with, these guys need regular, invigorating exercise.
Some of the dogs you might be familiar with in the Sporting Groups are Spaniels (Cocker Spaniel, English Springer Spaniel, etc), Retrievers (Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever, etc), Pointers (German Shorthaired and Wirehaired Pointer, etc), and Setters (Irish and English Setter, etc.).
Non-Sporting dogs are a diverse group originally placed together because they were developed for specific tasks (which are often no longer needed). Personality and traits vary significantly in this group, so more than any other group, it’s important to consult with breeders and vets to make sure the dog you’re thinking about would fit your lifestyle.
Some of the dogs you might be familiar with in the Non-Sporting Groups are the Bichon Frise, Boston Terrier, Bulldog, Dalmation, Lhasa Apso, Poodle, and Shar-pei.
Hound dogs were bred for hunting. There are scent hounds, sight hounds, and some with extraordinary stamina to keep on a track for hours. Of all of the breeds, this group has some of the lowest incidence of dog-dog aggression because they often have to work in packs.
Some of the dogs you might be familiar with in the Hound Group are the Afghan Hound, Basset Hound, Beagle, Coonhound, Dachshund, Foxhound, Greyhound, and Whippet.
Terriers were bred to hunt and kill vermin. They often possess feisty personalities with lots of energy, and may not tolerate other pets. Don’t be fooled by this group’s cute looks. These are tough dogs who require owners with a firm, guiding hand.
Some of the dogs you might be familiar with in the Terrier Group are The Airedale Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Fox Terrier, Miniature Schnauzer, Norfolk Terrier, Welsh Terrier, and Wheaton Terrier.
Toy Dogs are just what you’d expect, diminutive in size, though not necessarily in personality. These dogs are perfect for people who don’t have a lot of space, want a lap dog, and don’t have time for hours of exercise.
Some of the dogs you might be familiar with in the Toy Group are the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Chihuahua, Havanese, Maltese, Papillon, Pekingese, Pomeranian, Poodle, Pug, Shih Tzu, and Yorkshire Terrier.
If you’re not sure what dog you want, you can start with this Dog Breed Selector. There, you’ll be prompted to fill out a questionnaire on such matters as size, coat, job description (what it is bred to do), exercise needs, intelligence, ease of training, age of children, yard size, time spent at home, and so on. Once completed, you’ll be given a list of dogs to investigate that fit your preferences.
From there you can move onto investigating the more specific qualities of each breed at the following two sites:
Dog Breed Characteristics (scroll down).
Bringing home a dog or puppy is a huge committment of at least a decade. There are already far too many dogs killed daily in shelters across the country because their owners didn’t stop to think first. Don’t be one of them. Do your homework first. Educate yourself. Research thoroughly the breeds you’re considering; talk to breeders, vets, trainers, and people who own these dogs. And then LISTEN to what they say. If they say such-and-such breed needs extra socializing or fencing, or training, or exercise, etc., be prepared to do that or wind up with a problem dog.
And if you do your homework, listen, and learn, you can join the ranks of millions of people who are blessed with the love of a dog meant just for them. Because, when you’re matched with the right dog, it just doesn’t get any better.
- Paws to Consider: Choosing the Right Dog for You and Your Family
- The Perfect Match: A Dog Buyer\’s Guide (Howell Reference Books)
- The Complete Idiot\’s Guide to Getting and Owning a Dog
- Right Dog For You
- The Complete Dog Book: The Photograph, History and Official Standard of Every Breed Admitted to Akc Registration, and the Selection, Training, Breed
- The Chosen Puppy: How to Select and Raise a Great Puppy from an Animal Shelter